With a population over 70,000 Turlock is the second largest city in Stanislaus County. Turlock lies between Modesto and Merced at the intersection of Highway 99 and Highway 165. Turlock is referred as “The Heart of the Valley” because it is located in the middle of California’s Central Valley.
Turlock has hot and mostly dry summers but only 10 days in June, July and August were over 100 degrees in 2012. Many summer nights, in Turlock, a slight breeze from the Delta cools things down. Winters are wet but in 2012 the average rain fall between November through March was 1.89 inches.
Turlock has diverse ethnic populations with large segments of Hispanic, Assyrians, Portuguese, and Scandinavian. According to the US Census 25% of Turlock residents are US born. More than 78% of residence have a high school education or higher with 22% having a Bachelor’s degree or higher. Out of Turlock’s 22,780 households 27.5% of them had children under the age of 18. The median household income is $50,862.
In the 1930s Turlock was cited by Ripley's Believe It or Not as having the most churches per capita in the U.S.; this had partly to do with the variety of ethnic churches, which were established for the relatively small settler population. Various religious centers reflecting a diverse population, such as Sikh Gurdwaras, various Christian Assyrian churches, and many mainline Protestant, Mormon and Catholic churches have been built.